A legal maxim, stated usually in Latin, is an entrenched concept or postulation of law or a licit policy. During Medieval period, the European states used Latin as their legal language and most of the legal maxims we use today have their origin therefrom. These Legal principles guide Courts of law around the globe in applying the existing laws in a fair and just manner to assist them in deciding issues before it. Although these principles don’t have the supremacy of law but when Courts apply the Legal maxims in deciding issues related to law or the legislature integrates such maxims while formulating laws, they take the form of Law and draw the basis of sound judgements.

So LicitElite assists you through this column to learn a New Maxim weekly.

Fiat Justitia Ruat Caelum

"Let justice be done though the heavens fall."

Quid pro Quo

"Action done in return for something done/ promised"

Persona Non Grata

"A Foreign person whose entering or remaining in a particular country in prohibited by that Country's government"

Actus Reus Non Facit Reum Nisi Mens Sit Rea

"An act does not make a defendant guilty without a guilty mind"

Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona

"A personal right of action dies with the person."